Je suis nouveau sur d3.js. Je veux mapper les données JSON dans un graphique à barres groupées comme indiqué sur la figure comme exemple https: //i.stack.imgur.com/9BLVz.png. Je sais qu'il y a un problème avec ma mise à l'échelle x. Selon mon graphique, x devrait montrer les mois et les heures sur l'axe des y. Cela me donne 6 barres mais pour une raison quelconque, les barres se chevauchent. Quelqu'un pourrait-il m'aider ici.

Données JSON provenant de MariaDB en tant qu'objet.

[
    {"name":"jhon","hours":"9","months":"August"},
    {"name":"jack","hours":"8","months":"August"},
    {"name":"jhon","hours":"7","months":"July"},
    {"name":"jack","hours":"6","months":"July"},
    {"name":"jhon","hours":"4","months":"June"},
    {"name":"jack","hours":"5","months":"June"}
] 

Code

<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<style>
    .bar {
      fill: steelblue;
      stroke:black
    }

    .bar:hover {
      fill: brown;
    }

    .axis--x path {
      display: none;
    }

</style>

<svg width="500" height="500"></svg>
<script src="https://d3js.org/d3.v4.min.js"></script>
<script>
    var svg = d3.select("svg"),
        margin = {top: 20, right: 20, bottom: 30, left: 40},
        width = +svg.attr("width") - margin.left - margin.right,
        height = +svg.attr("height") - margin.top - margin.bottom;

    var x = d3.scaleBand().rangeRound([0, width]).padding(0.1),
        y = d3.scaleLinear().rangeRound([height, 0]);

    var g = svg.append("g")
        .attr("transform", "translate(" + margin.left + "," + margin.top + ")");

    d3.json("http://localhost:8888/index.php?r=emp/gethours", function(d) {

    var ydomain=d3.extent(d,function(d){return d.hours;});

    x.domain(d.map(function(d,i) {return d.months}));

    y.domain(ydomain);

    g.selectAll(".bar")
        .data(d)
        .enter().append("rect")
        .attr("x", function(d,i) { return x(d.months) })
        .attr("y", function(d) {return y(d.hours); })
        .attr("width", 40)
        .attr("height", function(d) { return height - y(d.hours); })
    });

</script>

Après suggestion, ma modification des données et du code est

Le graphique à barres généré pour cela est https://i.stack.imgur.com/VowEA.png

[{"name":"jhon","hours":"8","months":"June","emp_id":"1"},{"name":"jack","hours":"6","months":"June","emp_id":"2"},{"name":"jhon","hours":"6","months":"July","emp_id":"1"},{"name":"jack","hours":"7","months":"July","emp_id":"2"},{"name":"jhon","hours":"8","months":"August","emp_id":"1"},{"name":"jack","hours":"9","months":"August","emp_id":"2"}]

<style>

.bar {
  fill: steelblue;
  stroke:black
}

.bar:hover {
  fill: brown;
}

.axis--x path {
  display: none;
}

</style>
<svg width="500" height="500"></svg>
<script src="https://d3js.org/d3.v4.min.js"></script>
<script>

    var svg = d3.select("svg"),
    margin = {top: 20, right: 20, bottom: 30, left: 40},
    width = +svg.attr("width") - margin.left - margin.right,
    height = +svg.attr("height") - margin.top - margin.bottom;

                var x = d3.scaleBand().rangeRound([0, width]).padding(0.1),
                    y = d3.scaleLinear().rangeRound([height, 0]);



    var g = svg.append("g")
    .attr("transform", "translate(" + margin.left + "," + margin.top + ")");

    var z = d3.scaleOrdinal()
    .range(["#98abc5", "#8a89a6", "#7b6888", "#6b486b", "#a05d56", "#d0743c", "#ff8c00"]);

    d3.json("http://localhost:8888/index.php?r=emp/gethours", function(d) {


                        var ymaxdomain=d3.max(d,function(d){return parseInt(d.hours);});
                        var x1domain=d3.extent(d,function(d){return parseInt(d.emp_id);});


                        x.domain(d.map(function(d) {return d.months}));
                        y.domain([0,ymaxdomain]);

                        var x1=d3.scaleBand().rangeRound([0, x.bandwidth()]);
                        x1.domain(x1domain);

                         g.selectAll(".bar")
                        .data(d)
                        .enter().append("rect")
                        .attr("x", function(d,i) {console.log(d,i); return (x(d.months)+x1(parseInt(d.emp_id))); })

                        .attr("y", function(d) {return y(d.hours); })
                        .attr("width",x1.bandwidth())
                        .attr("height", function(d) { return height - y(parseInt(d.hours)); })
                        .attr("fill", function(d,i) { return z(d.emp_id); });



                         g.append("g")
                            .attr("class", "axis")
                            .attr("transform", "translate(0," + height + ")")
                            .call(d3.axisBottom(x));


                             g.append("g")
                                .attr("class", "axis")
                                .call(d3.axisLeft(y).ticks(null, "s"))
                                .append("text")
                                .attr("x", 2)
                                .attr("y", y(y.ticks().pop()) + 0.5)
                                .attr("dy", "0.32em")
                                .attr("fill", "#000")
                                .attr("font-weight", "bold")
                                .attr("text-anchor", "start")
                                .text("Hours");





});

</script>
0
Ajay Arakharao 20 avril 2017 à 11:10

3 réponses

Meilleure réponse

Données Json

[{"name":"jhon","hours":"8","months":"June","emp_id":"1"},
 {"name":"jack","hours":"6","months":"June","emp_id":"2"},
 {"name":"jim","hours":"7","months":"June","emp_id":"3"},
 {"name":"tim","hours":"4","months":"June","emp_id":"4"},
 {"name":"jhon","hours":"6","months":"July","emp_id":"1"},
 {"name":"jack","hours":"7","months":"July","emp_id":"2"},
 {"name":"jim","hours":"8","months":"July","emp_id":"3"},
 {"name":"tim","hours":"6","months":"July","emp_id":"4"},
 {"name":"jhon","hours":"8","months":"August","emp_id":"1"},
 {"name":"jack","hours":"9","months":"August","emp_id":"2"},
 {"name":"jim","hours":"7","months":"August","emp_id":"3"},
 {"name":"tim","hours":"8","months":"August","emp_id":"4"}]

Et la réponse ----------------------------------------------- ----------

Image de graphique à barres groupée https://i.stack.imgur.com/1ud5S.png

<!DOCTYPE html>
<meta charset="utf-8">
<style>

.bar {
  fill: steelblue;
  stroke:black
}

.bar:hover {
  fill: brown;
}

.axis--x path {
  display: none;
}

</style>
<svg width="600" height="600"></svg>
<script src="https://d3js.org/d3.v4.min.js"></script>
<script>

    var svg = d3.select("svg"),
    margin = {top: 20, right: 20, bottom: 30, left: 40},
    width = +svg.attr("width") - margin.left - margin.right,
    height = +svg.attr("height") - margin.top - margin.bottom;

                var x = d3.scaleBand().rangeRound([0, width]).padding(0.1),
                    y = d3.scaleLinear().rangeRound([height, 0]);



    var g = svg.append("g")
    .attr("transform", "translate(" + margin.left + "," + margin.top + ")");

    var z = d3.scaleOrdinal()
    .range(["#98abc5", "#8a89a6", "#7b6888", "#6b486b", "#a05d56", "#d0743c", "#ff8c00"]);

    d3.json("http://localhost:8888/index.php?r=emp/gethours", function(d) {


                    var ymaxdomain=d3.max(d,function(d){return d.hours;});
                        x.domain(d.map(function(d) {return d.months}));
                        y.domain([0,ymaxdomain]);

                    var x1=d3.scaleBand().rangeRound([0, x.bandwidth()]);
                        x1.domain(d.map(function(d) {return d.emp_id;}));

                         g.selectAll(".bar")
                        .data(d)
                        .enter().append("rect")
                        .attr("x", function(d,i) {return (x(d.months)+x1(d.emp_id)); })

                        .attr("y", function(d) {return y(d.hours); })
                        .attr("width",x1.bandwidth())
                        .attr("height", function(d) { return height - y(d.hours); })
                        .attr("fill", function(d,i) { return z(d.emp_id); });

                            g.append("g")
                            .attr("class", "axis")
                            .attr("transform", "translate(0," + height + ")")
                            .call(d3.axisBottom(x));

                                g.append("g")
                                .attr("class", "axis")
                                .call(d3.axisLeft(y))
                                .append("text")
                                .attr("x", 2)
                                .attr("y", y(y.ticks().pop()) + 0.5)
                                .attr("dy", "0.32em")
                                .attr("fill", "#000")
                                .attr("font-weight", "bold")
                                .attr("text-anchor", "start")
                                .text("Hours");

});

</script>
2
Ajay Arakharao 21 avril 2017 à 10:21

Comme dans https://bl.ocks.org/mbostock/3887051 vous avez besoin d'un deuxième x axe pour déplacer votre rect pour chaque "groupe". regardez var x1; son domaine est .rangeRound([0, x0.bandwidth()]);.

Dans votre code, vous pouvez le faire

   var  d = [
        {"name":"jhon","hours":"9","months":"August","group":0},
        {"name":"jack","hours":"8","months":"August","group":1},
        {"name":"jhon","hours":"7","months":"July","group":0},
        {"name":"jack","hours":"6","months":"July","group":1},
        {"name":"jhon","hours":"4","months":"June","group":0},
        {"name":"jack","hours":"5","months":"June","group":1}
    ]

x1.domain([0,1]) 
...
.attr("x", function(d) { return x(d.months)+x1(d.group) })
0
Lary Ciminera 20 avril 2017 à 08:31

Oh j'ai trouvé votre problème changer

var ydomain=d3.extent(d,function(d){return d.hours;});

À

var ymaxdomain=d3.max(d,function(d){return d.hours;});
    y.domain([0,ymaxdomain]);

Votre valeur minimale sur l'axe y était de 4 au lieu de 0

Edit: vous devez également déplacer la définition de la plage de x1 APRÈS avoir défini le domaine x:

    x.domain(d.map(function(d,i) {return d.months}));
// this should go after
     var x1=d3.scaleBand().rangeRound([0, x.bandwidth()]);
0
Lary Ciminera 20 avril 2017 à 10:45